Terracotta is a natural material made from clay, which is a renewable resource that can be sourced locally. This means that the production of terracotta tiles has a lower environmental impact compared to synthetic materials like vinyl or carpet. The making of terracotta tiles involves firing them in a kiln at high temperatures, however the temperature isn’t as high as porcelain or ceramic tiles.
Another consideration is the longevity and durability of terracotta tiles. They are known to be quite durable and can last for decades with proper maintenance. That means they won’t need to be replaced as often as other types of flooring. As a result, this reduces the environmental impact associated with the production, transportation, and disposal of the tiles.
Most people when think of terracotta picture the orangy-brown tile that we associate with spanish cottage houses, shown on the image on the left. Terracotta tiles come in different shapes, sizes and colours. From clay to terracotta, these mosaic tiles on the right are entirely handmade.